What new occupations and industries are emerging?

In Canada, there is a classification system called the National Occupational Classification system (NOC) that describes all of the different types of jobs and occupations, and the skills they require. But some jobs are so new that they have not yet been classified. They require new skills, and have new job titles.

Eventually, these new types of jobs are included in the NOC – recent examples would include webmaster, multimedia specialist, computer security specialist, global positioning systems technician, direct broadcast satellite technician, avionics technician, and electronic commerce specialist.

Of course, the skills required for specific jobs also change over time, and have to be updated in the NOC. These are old job titles, but with new skills. Examples include computer programmer or digital imaging technician in the printing industry.

The Ontario government has identified a number of priority industry sectors* that are key to the provincial economy, including:

  • Aerospace
  • Agri-food
  • Automotive manufacturing
  • Chemistry
  • Clean Technologies
  • Financial Services
  • Forestry
  • Information and Communications Technology
  • Life Sciences
  • Mining
  • Entertainment and Creative Cluster

These priority sectors employ people in many traditional occupations, although the duties for many jobs – and the qualifications required – may change over time. They also employ people in emerging occupations, although in some cases the number of available jobs may be low.

One good example is the Financial Services. It employs Accountants, Financial Analysts, and Economists, but also requires people with a range of software development and communications-related skills. Mobile application developers are an example of an emerging occupation for this industry.

*2013 Ontario Economic Outlook and Fiscal Review