Degree Authority In Ontario

The Post-Secondary Education Choice and Excellence Act, 2000 regulates degree authority in Ontario. Pursuant to the Act, all organizations – Ontario or out-of-province, public or private for-profit, or not-for-profit – require either an act of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario or the consent of the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities to:

  • grant a degree;
  • provide a program or part of a program of post-secondary study leading to a degree to be conferred by a person inside or outside Ontario;
  • advertise a program or part of a program of postsecondary study offered in Ontario leading to a degree to be conferred by a person in or outside Ontario;
  • sell, offer for sale or provide by agreement for a fee, reward or other remuneration, a diploma, certificate, document or other material that indicates or implies the granting or conferring of a degree;
  • operate or maintain a university;
  • use or be known by a name of a university or any derivation or abbreviation of a name of a university;
  • hold oneself out to be a university;
  • make use of the term "university" or any derivation or abbreviation of the word in advertising relating to an educational institution in Ontario.
  1. Act of the Legislative Assembly of Ontario
    There are 19 publicly assisted universities in Ontario that are authorized to offer degrees by specific Acts of the Legislative Assembly. Sixteen may grant any degrees; three have restricted degree granting authority (the scope of their degree authority is defined in each of their Acts). Acts of the Legislature also give restricted degree granting authority to 17 privately funded institutions.

  2. Ministerial Consent
    Many degree programs (or parts of degree programs) are offered under the authority of a consent of the Minister of Training, Colleges and Universities. All applications to the Minister are referred to the Postsecondary Education Quality Assessment Board (PEQAB). PEQAB reviews the application and provides a recommendation to the Minister on the quality of the program and the applicant's ability to deliver it.

The institutions listed on this website are authorized to advertise and offer a degree program (or part of a program). If you are interested in a degree program offered in Ontario and don't see the institution listed on this website as having the authority to offer it, you are advised to contact the Universities Branch, Ministry of College and Universities at postsecondaryaccountability@ontario.ca.